Ruben Kruiper from Cohort 2 attended the Reasoning Web Summer School 2016 early September this year in Aberdeen, Scotland. Renowned researchers from several areas related to Semantic Web, Linked Data and Knowledge Representation gave tutorials on various subjects as e.g. Inconsistency-Tolerant Query Answering, Test Driven Ontology Authoring and the Linked Data Lab. Carsten Lutz kicked off the week with a talk on data access with ontologies, starting with the foundations and diving into the fundamentals of query rewriting. Other speakers included amongst others Magdalena Ortiz, Meghyn Bienvenu, Frank Wolter, Juan Reutter and Stefan Schlobach. After a midweek packed with high standard seminars the summer school ended with a social dinner in the city town house. 

Welcome Cohort 3!

27 September 2016

Last week we formally welcomed our third cohort of students.

The academic year starts with our annual retreat to the Burn in Scotland. The new cohort are introduced to our accredited Transition Zone training programme and start on their PhD journeys. Most importantly, the week allows the new students to get to know each other and to meet some of our cohort 2 researchers, who were able to pass on some top tips for success.

Cohort 3

CDT-EI @ PMC Conference

11 September 2016

Loughborough University’s Dynamic Research group hosted the ‘Powertrain Modelling and Control’ (PMC) 2016 conference; from the 7th to the 9th September, where CDT-EI members also aided in presenting and organising the event.  The event hosted many presentation on the research done all over the world, including well thought out and interesting key note speakers. These speakers include:

  1. Dr Andreas Schamel - Director Global Powertrain Research & Advanced and Director Ford Aachen Research & Innovation Center (RIC).
  2. Professor Mehrdad Ehsani - Robert M. Kennedy Endowed Chair Professor of Electrical EngineeringElectrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University.
  3. Professor Anna Stefanopoulou - Professor of Mechanical Engineering,  Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Department, University of Michigan, Director, Automotive Research Centre

These speakers and the researchers who presented their findings all have a significant impact on research and cutting edge technology on the automotive industry. CDT-EI member Robert Turnbull presented his findings on the coupled dynamic analysis of piston compression rings.

PMC 2016 was not only about presenting research but also to show case cutting edge technologies from many of the industrial sponsors who helped give rise to the opportunities showed at PMC 2016. These sponsors include:

  • AVL
  • Claytex
  • Dassault Systemes
  • Caprisorn
  • Horiba
  • ACSoft
  • Cambustion

Many of the sponsors had their own papers to present at PMC, and to show the future generation implementations to the modern road vehicles.

Loughborough Dynamic Research group also organised a scenic train trip with a classic steam engine and first class Gala Dinner. The train trip went through the old unused stations. The stations were kept/made to feel the time of the 1900s. Members were also allowed to see the coal fuelled furnace. The nature of the atmosphere allowed many industry associates to see researchers in a more relaxed manner and allowed an exchange of ideas and thoughts in a non-formal manner, while giving a good setting for the following day. The atmosphere experienced that evening was described priceless.  

At the Galla Dinner Professor Homer Rahnejat, Professor of Dynamics gave a wonderful and memorable speech. Going from his past students making a difference to this world to the new projects being generated at the University.

It is hoping that PMC 2018 will continue the success and the experience of PMC 2016 and the possibility of more papers being published both the Dynamic Research Group and the CDT-EI.

The 5th international conference on Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems was held this year at Our Dynamic Earth in Edinburgh between 19th and 22nd of July 2016. Ruben Kruiper of cohort 2 attended Living Machines 2016 and presented a paper titled: Computer-Aided Biomimetics (link). The paper introduces what is understood by a biomimetics process from a design engineering perspective and proposes several guidelines to partially automate this process. During the talk, one of these guidelines was further elaborated and the concept of ‘function’ in biology was addressed. This subject opened up an interesting discussion that revealed the opposing views of biologists and engineers to this concept, as well as intentionality and sustainability.

The 19th was filled with workshops that revolved amongst others around bio-inspired architecture, robots that adapt their morphology to the environment and the societal, economic and ecological impact of biohybrid technologies. The other days of the single-track conference were filled with plenary talks and poster sessions, as well as a diverse range of keynote talks by: Barbara Webb, Thomas Speck, Antonio Bicchi, Frank Hirth and Yoshihiko Nakamura.

Living Machines Conf

Pawel Ladosz, one of cohort 1, attended ICUAS 2016 conference in Washington D.C. between 7th and 10th of June 2016. The conference is a yearly event focused on unmanned aerial systems (UASs) and their applications.

On first day of conference four tutorials were offered. The tutorials were focused on agriculture applications, UAS design, UAS integration into current airspace and control. Next three days consisted of four keynotes, two panels and many presentation sessions. Keynotes were delivered by representatives from NASA, US army and UAS regulators representatives. The presentation sessions included but are not limited to: UAS design, computer vision, UAS control, path planning and several application sessions.

Pawel presented a paper titled: Optimal Positioning of Communication Relay Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Urban Environments during UAS communication session. The paper showed a method of finding positions of communication relay UASs to improve communication among group of ground nodes, while accounting for effects of obstacles in urban environments. The paper can be found here.

Each year, we bring all of our CDT students together to participate in our annual Summer School, which provides an opportunity for all the student cohorts to meet, work together and to learn new skills. At the request of the cohorts, this year the students took part in an ‘embedded intelligence related’ challenge. The students were set the task of developing an ‘embedded intelligence’ aid for the visually impaired, in partnership with Royal National Institute for Blind People (RNIB) college Loughborough. The overriding theme of social responsibility and entrepreneurship was apparent in the teams wishing to capitalise on their own research, knowledge and experience to make a real difference in people’s lives.

Anna from RNIB Loughborough demonstrating current visual aidsUnderstanding the user 

The event was kicked off with a thought-provoking presentation by Anna Janickyj of RNIB College, who introduced the challenges those with visual impairments face daily. The students were able to understand these challenges on a personal level with the use of specialist goggles and tablet apps designed for the able-sighted to see directly through the eyes of the visually impaired. The students then took part in a series of light-hearted challenges involving blindfolds and everyday tasks, such as making a sandwich and peeling a potato, in order to really get a feel of the challenges blind people face on an every-day basis. 

Design and Prototyping

Much of the next two days were devoted to the three teams brainstorming potential ideas and turning these into physically and commercially viable solutions. Students could choose from a range of hardware, including sensors, arduinos, magnetometers and current basic models of canes, as well as software available from Wolfson School.

Since all students have diverse academic backgrounds, which manifests equally diverse research programmes, this allowed each team to be able to capitalise on a mélange of skills. At the same time, it was an experience which required students to expand their comfort zone, and gave many the opportunity to learn about topics or subjects beyond their conventional realm of study.


Group S Equipment

Insight from End-Users

After a day spent in teams planning and designing prototypes, we welcomed two local organisations to the Summer School, offering fresh thought and inspiration, and the chance for teams to refine their prototypes.

George Torrens, Senior Lecturer from Loughborough University’s award winning Design School, presented to the students on ‘Empathy and Sympathy: a User-centred Design approach to New Product Development’. Using examples from his own experience and his background in Assistive Technology, George spoke about the importance of using empathy and affinity to optimise the design process of new products, a ubiquitous theme in this year’s challenge. He identified the challenges associated with Assistive Technology, including social discrimination and the perceptions of disabilities, and suggested ways in which we could overcome these through user-centred product design.


Next to present were Martin Grant and Brian Golland from REMAP, a national charitable organisation custom-making equipment to help disabled people lead more independent lives. Supporting the idea that a little sensitive thought could add the most creative solutions, Brian and Martin demonstrated numerous examples of equipment they have adapted, and the positive effects these have had on the lives of the users. In many cases, REMAP take commercially available products and adapt these on an individual basis, often by making the simplest of amendments, allowing gained independence and enjoyment. Find out more about national volunteering opportunities here.

Presentation day

On the final day of the Summer School, the three teams presented their final prototypes to a panel, consisting of Prof Martin Goosey, Chair of CDT-EI Advisory Board, Chair of ICT and VP of Technology for EIPC, Lynda Parker, Head of Mobility at RNIB College Loughborough, as well as current RNIB college students Lauren and Kieran. Teams had ten minutes to showcase what they had achieved over the past two days, and since the judging panel included potential users of the prototypes, this meant that one of the most important factors being judge on was the added independence and functionality the prototypes offered to the end user.

Demonstrating The PrototypeLauren Tests The Colour Device

Final prototypes included:

  • Obstacle avoidance cane and integrated face-recognition app
  • Obstacle detection and direction detection cane
  • Colour detection device emitting various frequencies of sound corresponding to different colours

After great consideration and questioning the prototyping, the panel concluded that the team behind the face recognition app had the most user-centered design and would allow a real gain in independence. Despite this, all teams were praised for their sensitive approach to the project, with Lauren and Kieran in particular enjoying putting the final prototypes to the test themselves. 

Winning Team

Brian Golland from REMAP Leicestershire, commented: “We were most impressed by the interest shown by the students to our organisation and the work we do. It was very interesting to hear their comments at the end of the presentation and during the discussions we had in their workshops. All the projects they were undertaking were clearly very useful and had the potential of being made as a practical device.”

“For me, Anna from RNIB was the best inspiration for the project. She gave us an insight into the daily difficulties a blind person faces. This was very important, as we take many things we do every day for granted. This was the main source for the design choices we made, within the constraints of the available equipment”, Tobias Reichold from the winning team.

Lynda Parker, Head of Mobility at RNIB College Loughborough, commented: “Events such as CDT-EI Summer School are a good thing to have for all concerned. The ideas that students came up with to help people with sight loss were very good.”

CDT-EI wish to thank all of our Guest Speakers for their participation and inspiration for our annual Summer School, and now aim for the prototypes designed by our students over the course of the event to have future application in the Assistive Technology market.

Loughborough University’s CDT-EI participated in the 9th International Styrian Noise, Vibration and Harshness (ISNVH) conference held between 22nd and 24th July 2016 in Graz Austria. The group was also invited to AVL LIST GmBH for a formal meeting and an opportunity to meet their Austrian colleagues. Overall we found this was a fruitful experience. The CDT would like to thank Dr Offner and his colleagues for the both the meal and event.

Inhv ConferenceThe CDT members who participated in this event were Robert Turnbull and Gajarajan Sivayogan. They were also accompanied with members of the Loughborough University Dynamics Research Group, these members included: Professor Stephanos Theodosiadase, Dr Mehdi Mohammadpour, Rickie Bewsher, Ehsan Fatourehchi,  Dr Elliot Motato , Ahmed Harris, Vishak Elisaus, , Steve Horner, and Kelly Savva.

The main aims of the AVL meeting was to show the respective progress of Rickie Bewsher, Robert Turnbull and Gajarajan Sivayogan. The board members from AVL consisted of:

AVL found the progress done were above board and AVL are looking forward to the further work in the next 3-4 years journey.

The dynamics research group contributed two papers to the conference. Firstly Ehsan Fatourehchi presented his paper on ‘Efficiency and Durability Prediction of High Performance Racing Transmissions’. Ahmed Harris and Dr Elliot Motato presented a Paper on the ‘Dampening effects introduced by a nonlinear vibration absorber in automotive drivelines at idle engine speeds’. Both papers received high appreciation and a few questions. The fruitful presentations provided by our colleagues gave us further insight into preparation and delivery of conference papers.    

Key note speakers provided an insight into industrial research, development and application. A number of fruitful presentations were given by leading industrial experts including our industrial partner/supervisor from AVL.  Dr Offner also presented a paper on ‘Current Challenges and Frontiers for the EHD Simulation of Journal Bearings: A Review’. His presentation showed a brief overview of AVL workflow and state of the art literature with regards to simulations in journal bearings.

Along with attending the conference the CDT group received an introduction and special training in EXCITE; specifically the group looked into Power Unit module of the program. The introductory training was looking into the analysis of a simplified piston system. Furthermore Robert Turnbull attended a PUMA training course involving the use of the AVL PUMA engine test software.

The conference was concluded with some fruitful keynote speakers with the works on Vehicle acoustics particularly interesting. Especially the case of looking into measuring noise in an acoustic chamber and computing numerical models of wind noise. The CDT had a great experience attending the 9th ISNVH conference and the group is looking forward to attending the major milestone at the 10th ISNVH conference. 

Cohort 2's MelanieZimmer explains all.....

To learn more about agents and Industry 4.0 in practice, I attended the “2nd International Summer School on Intelligent Agents in Automation” ( held at Linköping University (Sweden) from 9-17th of June 2016. An agent is “an autonomous component, that represents physical or logical objects in the system, capable to act in order to achieve its goals, and being able to interact with other agents, when it doesn’t possess knowledge and skills to reach alone its objectives” (Paulo Leitão). The theme of this Summer School was “The 4th Industrial Revolution and the Industrial Internet of Things”, which was aimed at PhD students to discuss intelligent production system based on their cyber-physical formulation.

An introduction to the programming language Java and the software framework JADE (Java Agent Development) was followed by the two main courses - Starting and advanced track, the former being the one I attended.

Amongst others, we had guest speakers from Festo and SAP as well as the Technical University of Munich and the Austrian Institute of Technology. The talks would vary from industrial agents to model-driven engineering to the Internet of Things; of interest to me were also the introduction to ontologies and the role of human operators in Industry 4.0.

Each day would start with a theoretical session and would be followed by practical exercises in the afternoon. On the last two days we worked in teams on the demonstrator shown in the picture below. Each team would implement a different part of the model (conveyor belt, gripper, product, etc.) and deploy agents on a PC and Raspberry Pi. Unfortunately, time was a bit short to finish this exercise.

The course was a good starting point for an introduction to agents and getting to know the people in this field, but it depends on the schedule next year if I will attend again.


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